Cultivation of Aonla/Amla or Indian Goose Berry

Aonla is indigenous to India Subcontinent and belongs to family Euphorbiaceae. it is known for its medicinal and therapeutic properties and considered as a wonder fruit for the health-conscious population. It has been grown and known in India for last more than 3500 years. In fact, it finds a special mention in ancient Indian text ‘Ayurveda’ by Sushruta, the father of ancient medicine (during 1500 BC-1300 BC). The fruit is one of the richest sources of vitamin C which is much more than vitamin ‘C’ content of guava and citrus fruits. The tree is characterized by small leaves which are attached to branches in such a way that each branchlet appears to be a compound leaf. The trees attain a height up to 18 metres. It is such a fruit where there is the least problem of theft and plants are also very hardy which do not require much care and attention. There is good cropping every year which results in high return.

Different  Vernacular Names of Alona ;




Alma or Aonla


Dhatriphala, Amalaki

Bengali & Oriya

Amla or Amalaki

Malayalam & Tamil



Amlakamu, Usirikai, Usirika




Aonla, Myrobalan, Indian gooseberry

Benefits  of Aonla Fruit ;

Aonla is the richest source of vitamin-C (700 mg per 100 g of fruits)The Vitamin C value of aonla increases after it’s juice extraction from the fruit. The dehydrated aonla fruit provides 2428 to 3470 mg of vitamin C per 100 g. Dried powder of aonla fruit possesses 1780-2660 mg of vitamin C. The only fruit contains a chemical substance known as leuco anthocyanins (Polyphenol), which retards the oxidation of vitamin C. It is an important medicinal plant in Ayurveda. Aonla is the main ingredient of the many ayurvedic medicine products like Chyawanprash, Triphala churna (a mixture of Amla, Terminalia chebula and T. bellerica), Brahma Rasayana, Madumegha churna. The Important Benefits of Aonla are…

1. Aonla juice can be taken as a powerful home remedy to treat cough and flu as well as mouth ulcers.

2. Regular consumption of aonla juice helps in reducing cholesterol levels. Amino acids and antioxidants aid in the overall functioning of the heart.
3. It is also helpful in managing diabetes better as well as respiratory ailments like asthma.
4. Alkaline nature of aonla helps in clearing the system and strengthening the digestive system.
5. It supports liver function and flushes out toxins from the body.
6. Along with Vitamin C, amla is also rich in iron, calcium, phosphorous and hence can be taken as a complete nutritional drink.
7. Aonla helps in hair growth, tackling hair fall and fortifying the root as well as the shaft,”
8. Aonla juice helps in oxidizing melanin and closes skin pores.

Varieties  of Aonla  ;

Those varieties which have a bigger size of fruits and are fibreless are considered best in aonla. They are Banarasi, Chakiya, Francis or Hathijhool. Krishna( NA-4) and Kanchan (NA- 5), NA-6, NA-7, NA-8,NA – 9 ,NA – 10.

Soil and Climate Requirement for Aonla Cultivation ;
Aonla is a hardy subtropical fruit plant and can be cultivated over a variety of soils. Aonla can be grown in multiple climatic conditions but dry sub-tropical conditions with an annual rainfall of 600 to 850 mm are most favourable for its cultivation. A mature aonla plant can tolerate temperature up to 46-degree celsius but aonla plant is very sensitive to the frost prevailing conditions. Aonla crop easily tolerates saline and alkaline conditions.   

Propagation of Aonla ;

Seedlings, Grafts and Buddings are used for planting. But It should commercially be multiplied by patch budding technique which has been found easy and very successful. Best time for budding is from June to August. However, budding may also be done during February March. Shield or ‘T’ budding is also successful.

Planting of Aonla ;

Best time of planting is during the rainy season. Plants are planted 6-8 metres apart both ways in the pits of 1x1x1or 1.25 X 1.25x 1.25 metre size.

Manuring in Aonla;

A dose of 100 g N, 50 g P and 75 g K /plant/year of age should be applied. In addition, well rotten compost at the rate of 20-25 kg/plant should be added. Compost or F.Y.M. should be added along with half doses of fertilizers during August-September whereas remaining doses of fertilizers are applied in the month of April-May.

Flowering and fruiting ;

Budded plants start flowering after 7-8 years of planting. Flowering takes place on new growths during the spring season. Male and female flowers are found separately. Male flowers are much more in numbers than female. After fruiting. embryo remains in dormant stage till August and therefore, fruits are not visible on the tree. Fruit development starts thereafter and the mature during December-January. Sometimes, the problem of unfruitfulness is noticed, which is due to very less number of female flowers and self-sterility. Such problems can be overcome by intervarietal plantation to facilitate the fertilization process.

Inter Cropping in Aonla orchards ;
Aonla is a deep-rooted, deciduous tree has a sparse foliage arrangement It is an ideal plant for 2 or 3 or multi-tier cropping system. Short statured fruit plants, vegetables, flowers and medicinal and aromatic plants are found suitable for inter-cropping in aonla orchards.  Most suitable Cropping system models  in aonla orchards and which have been found most remunerative  are as follows  ;
  • Aonla + ber or guava (Two-tier), 
  • Aonla + phalsa (Two-tier),
  •  Aonla + dhaincha + wheat or barley,
  •  Aonla + dhaincha + onion/garlic or brinjal, 
  • Aonla + dhaincha + German chamomile (Three tiers), etc. 
The yield of Aonla plant;

Aonla plant starts bearing fruit after two years of planting The yield of 2-3 quintals may be obtained from a grown-up tree. The average weight of fruit is 60 – 70 gms. A mature aonla may bear fruit up to the age of 70 years

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