Coriander sativum L. is an important condiment ( Seed Spice) crop of India. It is grown in Rabi season The young leaves of the coriander plant is used in preparing chutneys, sauces and for flavouring curries and soups. India is the largest coriander producing country in the world It is mainly. Produced in the state of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh and in scattered places of Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Haryana, Bihar, Orissa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan Occupies the 40% share of the of the total coriander production of India
Medicinal Properties of Coriander ;
It helps in reducing the skin inflammations due to presence of cineole and linoleic acid both of these elements have antirheumatic and antiarthritic properties.
It controls the blood pressure and reduces the chance of heart attack
Coriander is a rich source of Calcium so it is good for bone health
It controls diabetes by stimulating the endocrine glands for more secretion of Insulin
coriander has a diuretic properties it increases the frequency and volume of urine to excrete toxins from the body
Due to the presence of citronellol element coriander has a great antiseptic value it is used in the treatment of mouth wound and ulcers and it also corrects the bad breath of mouth.
Coriander is rich in borneol and linalool content which helps indigestion. it very useful in controlling diarrhoea.
The leaves constitute a rich source of Vitamin C (250 gm per 100 gm leaves).
Climate requirement for coriander
It is a cool-season crop. Cool-weather having temperature range between 20 to 25-degree Celsius is favourable for its cultivation. Being a tropical crop It is susceptible to mild frost.
Soil & its Preparation for Coriander
It grows well on all type of soil. But sandy loam and clay loam soils with a pH range of 6-8 are best suited for its cultivation. The land should be prepared thoroughly. To give a very fine tilth and form the seed bed and channel if the crop is grown in irrigated condition and apply suitable the pre-emergence herbicide like fluchloralin @ 750ml in 500 lit of water per hac
Coriander Varieties ;
The impro (D)-95.NP (O)-16, NPO)-214,NP(K)-40 Local, Strain-65, Strain-85, etc.
Sowing of Coriander seeds
(a) Sowing time. The seed is sown from August to September for leaves and September October for seeds raising.
(b) Seed rate. The seed rate is 5 to 6 kg per acre.( irrigated condition ) and 10- 12 kg per acre for the rain fed condition . Treat the seed with Trichoderma viride@ 4 gms per kg of seed for the control of wilt disease.
(c) Method of sowing. The seed is generally sown by broadcasting, The seeds are trampled or rubbed gently or split into two halves before sowing to hasten germination For the rainfed sowing presowing hardening of the must be applied by soaking the seeds in potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution @ 10 gms per litre of water for minimum 16 hrs
For irrigated conditions sow the seeds at the spacing of 20 X 15 cms
Coriander requires 10 kg Nitrogen, 10 kg Phosphoric acid and 10 kg Potassium per acre.as a basal dose. Apply the top dressing of nitrogen @ 4 kg per acre after 30 days of sowing under irrigated conditions
After case One or two weedings may be required during the early stages of growth. Irrigation is given as and when needed.
The crop is ready for harvesting a month after sowing. Harvesting is done by uprooting the plants as a whole or by cutting them with a sickle,
“Yield of leaves is 4 to 6 quintal and seed is 2 to 3 quintals per acre.