Cultivation of Coriander

Cultivation of Coriander

Coriander sativum L. is an important condiment ( Seed Spice) crop of India. It is grown in Rabi season The young leaves of the coriander plant is used in preparing chutneys, sauces and for flavouring curries and soups. India is the largest coriander producing country in the world It is mainly. Produced in the state of  Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh and in scattered places of  Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Haryana, Bihar, Orissa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan Occupies the 40% share of the  of the total  coriander production of India

Medicinal Properties of Coriander ;

  1. It helps in reducing the skin inflammations due to presence of cineole and linoleic acid both of these elements have antirheumatic and antiarthritic properties.

  2.  It controls the blood pressure and reduces the chance of heart attack

  3. Coriander is a rich source of Calcium so it is good for bone health

  4. It controls diabetes by stimulating the endocrine glands for more secretion of Insulin

  5. coriander has a diuretic properties it increases the frequency and volume of urine to excrete toxins from the body

  6. Due to the presence of citronellol element coriander has a great antiseptic value it is used in the treatment of mouth wound and ulcers and it also corrects the bad breath of mouth.

  7. Coriander is rich in borneol and linalool content which helps indigestion. it very useful in controlling diarrhoea.

  8. The leaves constitute a rich source of Vitamin C (250 gm per 100 gm leaves). 



Climate requirement for coriander

It is a cool-season crop. Cool-weather having temperature range between  20 to 25-degree Celsius is favourable for its cultivation. Being a tropical crop  It is susceptible to mild frost. 

Soil & its Preparation for Coriander

It grows well on all type of soil. But sandy loam and clay loam soils with a pH range of 6-8  are best suited for its cultivation. The land should be prepared thoroughly. To give a very fine tilth and form the seed bed and channel if the crop is grown in irrigated condition  and apply suitable the pre-emergence herbicide like fluchloralin @ 750ml in 500 lit of water  per hac

Coriander Varieties ; 

The impro (D)-95.NP (O)-16, NPO)-214,NP(K)-40 Local, Strain-65, Strain-85, etc. 




Medium duration variety suitable for grains as well as leaf purpose because of its bushy nature and grows up to a height of 70 cm. Resistant to aphids and performs well in moisture-retentive black soils. Yields range 1000 to 1100 kg per hectare.


Short duration variety (80-85 days). Escapes powdery mildew and gives an yield of 900 kg/ha.


Medium duration variety with 95-100 days duration. Grain is medium in size with an yield of 1050 kg/ha.


 ( LCC- 128)

Medium duration variety with 80-98 days duration. Grain is oblong shaped, medium sized. Yield potential is of 750-1200 kg/ha. Essential oil content is between 0.36% to 0.40 %.

APHU Dhaniya-1

 ( LCC-170)

Medium duration variety with 85-90 days duration. Grain is bold, oblong shaped. Yield potential is of 850-1200 kg/ha. Essential oil content is 0.40 %.

Suguna  (LCC – 236)

Medium duration variety with 90-95 days duration. Grain is slender, oval shaped. Yield potential is of 750-1350 kg/ha. This variety is having high volatile oil content (0.52 %).


( LLC – 234)

It is a high yielding leaf variety suitable for off-season production, comes to harvesting in 35 to 55 days after sowing. This variety gives an average yield of 15 – 18 t/ha of grain in rabi season and 2.5-4.5 t/ha greens in off-season under 50% shadenet. Herb volatile oil content is 0.15%.


( LLC – 219)

It is a high yielding medium duration variety (85 – 90 days), gives stable yield under rainfed areas. Yield potential is 12.0 to 14.3 quintals per hectare under rainfed conditions and 12.0 to 17.5 quintals under irrigated conditions. This is variety is having high volatile oil content (0.59%).

CO -1

Dual purpose, 110 days, Tolerant to grain mould

Seed yield of 800 kg/ha (rainfed conditions) and 2000 kg/ha (irrigated conditions) 

Co – 2

High yielding dual purpose variety, tolerant to drought

90-100 days, yield  (600-700 kg/ha)


Dual purpose, less susceptible to wilt and grain mould

Duration is 90 days, yields (650-700 kg/ha)

Sowing of Coriander seeds

(a) Sowing time. The seed is sown from August to September for leaves and September October for seeds raising.

(b) Seed rate. The seed rate is 5 to 6 kg per acre.( irrigated condition ) and 10- 12 kg per acre for the rain fed condition . Treat the seed with Trichoderma viride@ 4 gms per kg of seed for the control of wilt disease.                           

(c) Method of sowing. The seed is generally sown by broadcasting, The seeds are trampled or rubbed gently or split  into two halves before sowing to hasten germination  For the rainfed sowing presowing hardening of the must be applied by soaking the seeds in potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution @ 10 gms per litre of water for minimum 16 hrs

For irrigated conditions sow the seeds at the spacing of 20 X 15 cms


Coriander requires 10 kg Nitrogen, 10 kg Phosphoric acid and 10 kg Potassium per a basal dose. Apply the top dressing of nitrogen @ 4 kg per acre after 30 days of sowing under irrigated conditions 

After case One or two weedings may be required during the early stages of growth. Irrigation is given as and when needed.


The crop is ready for harvesting a month after sowing. Harvesting is done by uprooting the plants as a whole or by cutting them with a sickle,


“Yield of leaves is 4 to 6 quintal and seed is 2 to 3 quintals per acre.


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