Goat farming is a very profitable agribusiness for the Indian farmers because it fits well in the Indian farming conditions Goat is a multi-purpose animal produces milk, meat, fiber & manure Goat farming requires very less housing management practices it is adaptable to a variety of climatic conditions and can be raised with lesser feeding expenses.
The selection of breeds for goat farming is a very important aspect of goat farming There are various goat breeds accessible in India. Herewith please find the brief description of the most popular indigenous breeds of goats that are suitable for goat farming under your area-specific conditions.
Jamunapari goat is a local goat breed of India. It is a high milk and meat gainful goat. There is a lot of variation in their skin color a typical jamunapari breed is white in clour with some patches on their neck and heads it has approx 25 cms long flat drooping ears Both the male and females of this breed have horns, In any case, they are raised for the most part for their high milk production limit. Jamunapari’s average lactation is about 2-3 litter milk every day. A grown-up male weighs about 65-90 kg and female goat weights about 40-60 kg. Their conception rate is about to 90% and the average age of the first conception is about to18 months
Boer goat is a South African goat breed yet suitable for cultivating in India. They are meat profitable goat breeds. This breed had a very distinctive brown forehead with white body This breed highly resistant to the diseases and very well adapt to hot and dry semi-desert conditions what’s more, grown-up Boer goat weights about 110-115 kg , and a female goat weights about 90-100 kg.
Black Bengal Goat
Black Bengal goat is a Bangladeshi goat breed. This goat the breed is considered as a significant little domesticated animal in Bangladesh. This breed mainly posses black color skin but you may found a grey and brown color skin breed of this breed also. This breed is small in body size with tight skin Normally the bodyweight of an adult male is about 25 to 30 kg while an adult female is about 20 to 25 kg This breed is truly suitable for meat, milk, skin, and fiber production. This goat breed can receive itself with practically a wide range of atmosphere without any problem. Their meat and milk are delectable and has an extraordinary interest.
Beetal goat is a local Indian goat breed. They are highly milk profitable goat breed with large body size that is why additionally suitable for highly meat production. The skin of this breed also used in the production of fine-quality leather-like as velour, suede and chamois which further used in the manufacturing of clothes, shoes , purses, gloves etc they can deliver about 2.5-4 litter milk per day A grown-up male goat weights about 65 kg and females about 45 kg.
Saanen goat is the largest dairy goat breed of Switzerland. Be that as it may, suitable for business milk production in India. They can deliver milk highly like Jamunapari and Alpine goat. The lactation capacity of this breed is about 3.8 litter milk every day which posses about 3.2% fat and 2.7% of protein. A grown-up male Saanen goat weighs around 70-90 kg and female around 60-70 kg.
The Barbari goats are generally found in the areas of Gurgaon, Delhi, Panipat, Karnal, Uttar Pradesh, and Rohtak in the province of Haryana. They are short-haired and erect-horned creatures. They show up in white shading with light earthy colored patches. Barbari is a double purpose breed and useful for both meat and milk production. A lactating doe on normal can deliver about 1.5 kg of milk daily.
The does, by and large, conceive an offspring twice in each 12 to 15 months. The normal live body weight of the developed bucks is somewhere in the range of 35 and 45 kg. Also, the doe’s normal live body weight is somewhere in the range of 25 and 35 kg. The Barbari goat is truly suitable for slow down took care of goat cultivating framework.
Changthangi goat or Ladakh Pasmina
The Changthangi goats are noted for their fragile fiber yield. This breed grows a thick warm undercoat which is a source of pashmina grade cashmere wool Their ears are littler in size which are pricked and pointed outwards. They have enormous horns that are turning internal, upward , and outward. They conceive the first conception at the age of 20-22 months and they kid once per year. The Changthangi is a medium-sized goat breed with the male adult weighing 20-22 kg and the females somewhere in the range of 18 and 20 kg.
The Chegu goats are prevalently white in shading, however, grayish red and blended hues can likewise be found. They have long hair with under layer of fiber beneath which produces pashmina wool. Their ears are little, legs are medium and face. Their horns are commonly bowed in reverse, outward, and upward with at least one turns. Kidding takes place once every year and for the most gives birth single kid. The normal live body weight of the male adults is somewhere in the range of 36 and 40 kg. Also, the normal live body weight of the females is around 26 kg.
The Jakharana goats are raised mostly as a dairy goat breed. Also, it is a significant dairy goat breed of the arid and semi-arid dry regions of the East Rajasthan province of India. They are medium to an enormous estimated creature with moderately minimal body size. Their body appearance is practically like the Beetal goats, however, the Jakharana goats are any longer. Their jacket shading is dark with white spots on the ears and gag. Their face is forthright with the raised temple. This breed is known for its milking potential it gives 2-5 liter milk per day it kidding % is about to 90 and kidding occurs twice a year.The normal live body weight of the developed does is around 45 kg. Also, the normal live body weight of the developed bucks is around 55 kg.
Kanni Adu goat
Kanni Adu goats are basically found in the Tamil Nadu state of India. They are the tallest goats of the Tamil Nadu state. Kanni Adu goats have a serious extent of resilience in dry spell conditions and they develop well in the dry season zone. They are for the most part found in dark or white spots, however, different hues are additionally once in a while found. Twin and triplet kiddings are normal. The Kanni Adu goats are primarily raised as a meat goat breed. The average live body weight of the mature does is somewhere in the range of 25 and 30 kg, and the mature buck’s average live body weight is somewhere in the range of 35 and 40 kg.
Kodi Adu goat
The Kodi Adu goats are likewise basically found in the Tamil Nadu province of India. The coat shade of these breeds is transcendently dark, yet different hues are likewise found. The Kodi Adu goats are taller in size and raised for the most part for meat production pourposes.
The Kutchi goats are otherwise called Kathiawari goats. It is a significant variety of residential goats from the Gujarat territory of India. It is a double purpose breed and raised for both meat and milk production. The Kutchi goats are a medium estimated creature with a reduced body and generally long legs.
This breed has a dominatingly dark shaded coat with a couple of white spots. Their ears are of medium size, flappy and hanging with commonplace white markings. Their face is marginally raised. This breed produces around 2 kg of milk per day. The average live body weight of the mature does is around 40 kg. or more, the mature buck’s average live body weight is somewhere in the range of 46 and 49 kg.
Mehsana is a double purpose Indian goat breed from the Gujarat territory of India. The variety is found in it’s the most unadulterated structure in it’s the local zone, but on the other hand are found in the encompassing territories. The Mehsana goats are medium to an enormous measured breed with arched face profile. Their jacket shading is chiefly dark with white spots at the base of the ears. The hair on their jacket is long and shaggy and their nose line is straight.
Their ears are of medium size and white in shading. Their horns have a couple of turns and bended upward and in reverse with pointed tips. Also, both male and females are sharpened. Average live body weight of the mature bucks is around 37 kg. Furthermore, the mature doe’s average live body weight is around 32 kg.
The Malabari goats are also called as Tellichery goats. Also, they are mainly found in the Kerala territory of India. Malabari is a double purpose goat breed and raised for both milk and meat production reasons. The breed is commonly found in white, dark, and purple hues. The average milk production of the does is somewhere in the range of 1 and 2 kg per day. Average live body weight of the mature does is somewhere in the range of 35 and 40 kg. Also, the mature bucks on average weight somewhere in the range of 45 and 50 kg.
The Osmanabadi goats are for the most part found in Maharashtra province of India, and furthermore found in the neighboring conditions of Karnataka and Telangana. The coat shade of these breeds is dominatingly dark. Albeit here and there white, earthy colored and spotted hues are likewise found. Osmanabadi goats are long and short-haired sort, in light of the nearness or nonattendance of long hair on the thigh and rump. Their body is commonly huge with long legs. kidding takes place once per year with the kids’s introduction to the world weight around 2.5 kg.
Osmanabadi is a double purpose goat breed that is raised for both meat and milk production. The average milk production of a lactating doe is somewhere in the range of 3 and 3.5 kg. The average live body weight of the mature doe is somewhere in the range of 30 and 32 kg. Furthermore, the mature buck’s average live body weight is somewhere in the range of 32 and 36 kg.
The Sirohi goats are principally found in the Rajasthan territory of India, and furthermore in the encompassing locales. Sirohi goats are mainstream, and today they are found in practically all conditions of India and furthermore in some other South Asian nations. The coat shade of these breeds is mostly of earthy colored, white, and a blend of hues in patches. Their hair is coarse and short.
The body of the Sirohi goats is minimized and medium in size. The average kidding age of the does is somewhere in the range of 19 and 20 months. Average live body weight of the mature does is somewhere in the range of 25 and 30 kg. and the mature buck’s average live body weight is around 50 kg.
Surti goats are among the best dairy goat breeds in India. The variety was named from the spot called ‘Surat’ in Gujarat territory of India. Their body is little to medium in size and minimized. Their jacket is dominatingly white in shading with short and brilliant hairs. Their ears of medium size and dropping. Average milk production of a lactating doe is around 2 liters each day. The average live body weight of the mature does is around 30 kg. Then again, the average live body weight of the mature bucks is around 32 kg.