Cultivation of Indian Bean ; Dolichos lablab /Sem

Cultivation of Indian Bean;Dolichos lablab /Sem

Indian Bean Dolichos lablab (Roxb) & L. belongs to the legume family Fabaceae. It is also known as Hyacinth been and it is popularly known as ‘Sem’. It is a multipurpose crop cultivated for a pulse, vegetable, and forages Indian bean is primarily grown for its green pod. Young pods are cooked as vegetables. Indian bean is used for the pod, feed, and soil improvement. Major growing states are Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu,UP, Andhra Pradesh, and NE India
Nutritive Value

The nutritive value of Indian bean in 100 gm of an edible portion is given below –
Moisture- 86.1 gm, Fat – 0.7 gm , Fibre – 1.8 gm Calories – 48 Protein – 3.8 gm , Minerals- 0.9 gm Other Carbohydrates – 0.7 gm Magnesium- 34.0 mg Phosphorus – 68.0 mg, Sodium- 55.4mg , Copper – 0.13mg Vitamin A- 312 I.U. , Calcium 210 mg Riboflavin – 0.06 mg , Oxalic acid – 1.0 mg , Iron – 1.7 mg, Potassium – 74.0 mg ,Sulphur-40 mg Thiamine – 0.1 mg , Nicotinic acid- 0.7 mg Vitamin C – mg 9.0mg .
Wild forms of beans are found in India which is probably the center of origin. From India, it is likely that it was introduced into China, Western Asia, and Egypt
Indian bean is well adapted to tropical and subtropical conditions Indian bean is relatively a cool-season and drought-resistant crop. The plants start fruiting from the beginning of the cold season two and a half to three months after sowing and continue to give green pods throughout winter and spring months
Soil and its preparation
An Indian bean can grow in a wide range of soils. But loam, silty- loam, clay-loam soils are best suited for Indian bean. The land is prepared thoroughly by giving 5-6 ploughing.
Varieties of Indian Bean /Sem



Arka Vijay

Developed through the back cross and pedigree selection involving the Parents Hebbal Avare x IIHR 93. Plants dwarf, bushy, erect, and photo insensitive, Leaves dark green, Flowers white.,Pods short dark green. Seeds bold., Pods with characteristic aroma, without parchment.,Vegetable type with excellent cooking qualities. Tolerant to low moisture stress. Duration 75 days. Pod Yield 12 t/ha.

Arka Jay

Leaves are light green, flowers are purple pods are light green and slightly curved bulged around midline and are without aroma, yield 10-12 tons per hectare in 85 days

Konkan Bhushan

It is a bush type plant, 60–75 cm tall, matures in 55–60 days after sowing. The pods are tender and stringless. A plant produces 125–180 pods. It is adaptable to various types of soils and climates.,Pod yield 12 – 14 tons/ha in 90 to 100 days

Pusa  Early Prolific

It is a pole type bean, suitable for autumn and spring season. It is an early variety, bears long, thin pods.

Blue Lake

It is an early variety. The color of the seed is the brown length of the pod is 6 to 8 cm. it becomes ready for harvesting 70-80 days after sowing.

Arka Amogh

Plants are medium tall, 50 % flowering in 40 days, and pods are ready for harvest in 55 days. Pods are similar to Arka Jay and Konkan Bhushan. Yield: 19-20 t/ha.

Arka Sambhram

Plants are medium height, 50 % flowering in 40 days and pods are ready for harvest in 55 days. Pods are flat, light green, medium-long (13-15 cm), medium width (1.5 cm). Yield: 19-20 t/ha

Arka Soumya

Plants are medium tall, 50 % flowering in 45 days and pods are ready for harvest in 55 days. Pods are slender (1.0 cm width), medium long (13-15 cm).Yield: 19 t/ha

Hebbal Avare-3

Developed at UAS, Bangalore. It takes 70-75 days to harvest and grow in all seasons throughout the year. Flowers are Photo-insensitive. Seeds are brown, round, and short duration (100 days)


Photosensitive. The pods are deep purple throughout, septate, and fleshy. Yields 135 t/ha in 215-220 days.


It is a pure line selection from local type Kozhikkal avare Characters: All are one pole type, photo- insensitive, pods are light green to deep purple. Yield about 8-11t/ha in 210-220 days.


It is a bush type, a hybrid derivative of CO-9 (bush type) x Florika field. Photo insensitive, flowers white with long green pods, yields 10t/ha.




Released from PRKV, Akola, Maharashtra. Pole types beans, pods are extra long, whitish in color in Deepaliwal whereas purple-green in Dasarwal yields about 6-8t/ha in 200-210 days.

Pusa Sem-2 


Pusa Sem-3

Released from IARI, New Delhi. Pole type, pods are borne on separate spike in bunches above the plant canopy. Pods are dark green, tender, stringless, fleshy, and borne in clusters of 11-13 members. Highly tolerant to anthracnose, YVMV, aphids, jassids, pod borers, and frost. Yields about 13.7t/ha.

Sowing of Seed
(a) Time of sowing. Field varieties are sown with the advent of monsoon in July-August, come into flower in November December, and harvested in January February in frost-free areas
(b) Seed rate. The seed rate is 5 to 6 kg per acre.
(c) Method of sowing. The seeds may be sown in rows, or on ridges by drilling or by dibbling. The spacing of 1.0 to 1.5 m apart between the rows and 1 m. apart between the ridges is recommended. It is also grown commonly near houses and allowed to climbs on rooftops
Depending upon the fertility status of the soil it needs 8-12 tones of F.Y.M., 6-8 kg of Nitrogen, 20-30 kg of Phosphorus, and 20 kg of Potassium per acre.
Indian bean is commonly cultivated as a rainfed crop. Irrigation will be given as and when required.

Pest and Diseases of Indian Bean;
Pest of Indian Bean;





Aphids are insects with a soft body, tiny, 1-2 cm long, black to greenish in color. They suck the sap, causing curling, thickening, yellowing and finally drying of the leaves and devitalise the plant. Attacked fruits and flowers do not show further development.

Spraying of pyrethrum at 1:800 dilution or nicotine sulphate as 1: 600 or 0.1% lindane or parathion 0.25% is recommended to control the aphids. If fruit formation had not taken place, spraying with BHC 50% wettable powder at 2 gm in one litre of water or malathion 50% at 3 ml in 5 liters of water may be done. Pods treated with malathion should not be harvested or consumed for about a week.

Pod borers

There are three different species of pod borers, out of which Adisura atkinsoni is a common one on Dolichos lablab. Cold weather is congenial for its development when the field beans suffer considerable damage. The larvae make holes in the pods and damage the crop

Spraying  Pyrethrum is recommended. If the pest occurs just at the time of fruit formation,. Hand picking of the caterpillars in early stage of attack helps in reducing the intensity of the infestation ploughing the fields after harvest of the crop would expose the pupae which would be destroyed by birds.

Lablab bug

It is a small, oval shaped stick bug. Both the adults and nymphs in large numbers suck sap causing fading and drying of the leaves and vines. It is usually observed on beans.

It is difficult to control the pest in the field.


Eutetranychus orientalis L. is among various pests infesting Dolichos bean and causing considerable losses

Spraying the crop with 0.05% dicofol or 0.05% monocrotophos or 0.05% quinolphos was most effective.

Diseases of Indian Bean





They affect the above-ground parts, e.g.: leaf, stem and pod anthracnose.

Lesions on stems and pods more clearly defined than those on leaves, grey or brown, slightly sunken with raised dark brown or reddish edge. All vegetative parts, except pulvini, are susceptible during early stages of development; invasion of the tap root of a young plant can lead to death. Elongated dark-brown or black sunken spots with reddish or yellowish margins appear on veins, petioles, stem and pods. Diseased seeds carry the fungus from season to season. Spots on the hypocotyl cause death of the plant. Seedlings show canker on cotyledons. These lesions produce pinkish spore masses during moist weather.


Sowing disease-free seed, crop rotation and field sanitation. Treat seeds for half an hour in 0.125% solution of ceresan or 1% oraganomercurial fungicide (Seedex). Dust seedex or captan at 3 g per kg of seed. Additionally, spray Bordeaux mixture 5:5:50 or a copper fungicide at 1 kg in 250 litres of water as soon as the symptoms appear.

Powdery mildew

Lablab bean is affected mostly by Leveillula taurica var. macrospora. White floury patches are formed on both sides of the leaves and all portions of the above ground parts, which gradually turn brown. The leaves become yellow and die, while fruits either do not set or remain small. It is a seed borne as well as a soil-borne disease and causes serious damage in the dry weather.

To control this disease, field sanitation is important. Diseased plants should be collected and burnt. The crop may also be dusted with 200-mesh sulphur at the rate of 25-30 kg per hectare at 10-15 days interval or spray wettable sulphur at 1 kg in 500 liters water.

(Spray with 0.5% wettable sulphur or with benlate or Bavistin 0.15%.)


Red and black pustules appear on the lower surface of the leaves. Attacked leaves turn yellow and drop off.

Dusting sulphur at the rate of 25-30 kg/ha protects the crop. Spraying Bordeaux mixture in the early stages also prevents spread.

A ringspot virus

Affected leaves turn yellowish green, wrinkled and stiff. Though it rarely kills the plants, the growth is retarded and vines do not bear fruits or deformed pods.

Rouging and clean cultivation is recommended.

Root-Knot nematodes

They cause severe growth retardation and characteristic root galls. The symptoms include stunting, loss of yield, reduction in quality of pods; severe deficiency symptoms of some elements, incipient wilting during hot periods of the day, increased susceptibility of foliage diseases of vascular wilts.

To control root-knot nematodes, resistant plant varieties and chemicals are used. Crop rotation can reduce population levels of root-knot nematodes when beans are planted once every two or three years in rotation with non-hosts such as maize.
The Indian bean becomes ready for harvesting after two and a half to three months of sowing.
The average yield is 1200-2000 kg of green pods per acre

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Verified by MonsterInsights