Tulsi; A Beneficial Medicinal Plant
It is probably the most established herb in the world, tulsi’s mending and invigorating properties have been the most cherished information over the world. Blessed Basil or Tulsi, is viewed as hallowed in Hinduism and is loved as the ‘Goddess of Devotion’ in huge numbers of the Indian family units. Tusi is developed for strict and clinical purposes and furthermore for its basic oil which is frequently utilized in Ayurveda.
Tulsi leaves are utilized in an assortment of culinary arrangements. Notwithstanding the flavor, the culinary herb is said to protect and improve the properties of the food. From a sound gut to more grounded resistance, the advantages of tulsi leaves are a considerable amount. We as a whole think about the profound centrality of developing the Tulsi plant, yet let us reveal a greater amount of Tulsi’s advantages.
The basil plant is full of medicinal properties as well as an important source of aromatic oil. This plant purifies the air by removing oxygen day and night. The botanical name of basil is Ocimum basilicum. Apart from this, many other species of basil are also found which are known by the following names.
1. O. Americanum (black basil)
2. O. Gratissim (Van Tulsi or Ram Tulsi) BHA
3. O. Kilimencherikam (camphor basil)
4. O. Senkatam (domestic basil)
5. O. Viridi (wild basil)
Benefits of the Tulsi ;
- Healthy skin.
- Home Remedy for Cough.
- Stress Buster.
- Tulsi for Fever.
- Tulsi forestalls coronary illness.
Important Varieties of Tulsi ;
RRL-12, RR LOG-14
Land and Climate Requirements for Tulsi Cultivation:
Tulsi plants can be grown easily in different climatic conditions. And its plant also grows in highlands. For basil cultivation, loam and sandy loam soil having pH-5.0-8.5 and good water holding capacity are considered suitable. For this, both tropical and Subtropical climates are suitable.
Seeds and Sowing of Tulsi Crop ;
Plough the fields well before its transplanting, the first sowing of seeds is done in the nursery. 1.0 kg seeds/hectare is required The best time to sow seeds is in July.
Raise the nursery beds 15-20 cm from the ground Sowing of seeds is done in the nursery at a ratio of 1:10 by adding sand with 8-10 cm distance apart in the rows. 30 days after the sowing, the seedlings become suitable for transplanting in the field. Spray the urea @ 20 g / lit of water for quick growth in the nursery.
Transplanting of Tulsi Crop ;
Transplanting should always be done in the evening hours during the dry season. Irrigation should be done immediately if there are no chances of rain after the transplanting.
Transplanting should be done by maintaining the distance ;
Row to row – 60 cm
plant to plant – 30 cm.
Irrigation and weeding in Tulsi Crop ;
Irrigation is not required during the rainy season. Irrigate the field at 15-20 days intervals is beneficial. The first wedding should be done one month after the transplanting. The second weeding is done 25 days after the first weeding. In large areas, it is beneficial to do hoeing by a tractor.
Requirement of Manures and Fertilizers in Tulsi Crop;
Apply well rotten cow dung manure @ 15 tonnes per hectare at the time of preparation of the field. Apart from this, 75 kg Nitrogen, 40 kg Phosphorus, and 40 kg Potash should be applied per hectare area, before transplanting, one-third nitrogen and full quantity of phosphorus and potash should be at the time of field preparation. The remaining quantity of nitrogen should be applied 20-25 and 40-45 days after the transplanting in a standing crop.
Plant protection in Tulsi Crop ;
Tulsi isn’t susceptible to serious pest/disease except for some minor pests like leaf rollers which may be controlled by the application of 0.2% Malathion or 0.1% Methyl parathion whenever any problem is noticed in the growing fields of tulsi.
Tulsi plants require minimal or no usage of chemical pesticides in their production process. Organic practices include control measures using neem-based formulations. animal oil resin soap is often wont to manage such sucking pests. Horticultural, extracts of garlic, Vitex negundo, Lantana camera, Clerodendron inerme, Calotropis gigantean are most often used periodically to control the pest in a combination with pesticides
Diseases like mildew are often controlled by spraying with 0.3% wettable sulphur. Likewise, seedling blight and plant disease are often controlled by drenching the nursery beds with a 0.1 percent solution of mercurial fungicide and adopting phytosanitary measures.
Harvesting and Yield of Tulsi Crop;
Harvesting of tulsi crop normally starts after 90 days of planting and subsequently, Crop may be harvested every 75 days interval. Harvesting is done at the full bloom stage of the crop. Cutting of the plants is done at 15 cm from ground level to ensure good regeneration for further harvests. The yield and oil content is more in plants harvested during bright sunny days
When the plant is fully flowered and the lower leaves of the plants become yellow then harvesting should be done.
The average yield of tulsi is about 20-25 tonnes per hectare and 80-100 kg of oil yield.
Basil oil can be obtained from the distillation of the whole plant.
The distillation method is used extensively by farmers for its oil exertion as its oil is relatively cheap. Harvested crops are left open in the field for 6-8 hours before distillation. By doing this, the excess moisture present in the leaves is removed. A distillation of the entire plant yields a yield of 0.25 percent oil, while the flowering order of the plant yields an oil yield of up to 0.4 percent.