Cultivation of Celery in India; A full Information Guide

Cultivation of Celery in India ; A full Information Guide

Cultivation of Celery in India; A full Information Guide

Introduction ;
Celery (Apium graveolens L.) belongs to the family Umbelliferae. Celery is grown as an annual crop in plains and a biennial crop in the hills. The leaf stalks or petioles of this crop are eaten as a salad, in soups, in sauces in puree, fried and spiced and seed is being exported to European Country as a condiment. 
The Major Growing States of Celery is Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, UP, T.N., Kerala, Karnataka
The places of origin of celery extend from Sweden Southward to Algeria, Egypt, Abyssinia, and in Asia even to Cancasus, Baluchistan, and the mountain of India.

Local Name of Celery ;

Ajmod ( Hindi), Karnauli (Punjabi), Ajgandha (Bengali), Kaccharaku (Malyalam),Vammu Akku (Telgu)

 Nutritive Value of Celery;

The nutritive value of celery in 100 gm of an edible portion is given ; 






95.5 g


0.8 g


0.1 g


0.9 g


1.2 g


3.5 g




4.8 mg


 38 mg


0.6 mg

Vitamin A

867 IU

Vitamin C

6.0 mg


0.05 mg

Nicotinic acid

0.30 mg


Health Benefits of Celery Plant ;

Cultivation of Celery in India ; A full Information Guide

1) Celery intake Can Help You Reach Your Vitamin and     

    Mineral Goals
2) It Provides Beneficial Antioxidants
3) It Can Help Keep You Hydrated
4) Celery consumption, Along With Other Vegetables, May  
    Help Combat Inflammation
5) Celery Juice May Contribute to Weight Loss

6) Promotes nerve cells health and prevent memory loss
7) Aids digestion

Climate Requirement for Celery Cultivation;

Cool-weather needs a warm day and cool nights accompanied by moderate rainfall are favorable for this crop. A week-long cold spell during mid-seasons the crop may induce bolting and lower seed yield.

Important Varieties of Celery;

EC-99249-1, PRL-85-1, 

Standard Bearer, and Wright Globe Giant ( recommended variety of I.A.R.I.)

 Soil and its preparation for Celery Cultivation; 

It grows best on silt loam to loamy soils. The optimum soil pH is 5.5  to 6.7 with a moderate amount of organic matter. Apply 6-7 tonnes of well decomposed 

Sowing of Seeds for Celery Cultivation ;

a) Sowing Time. The seed is sown in July-August in the Plains and March-April in the hills. 

b) Seed Rate. About 200 to 250 gm seed is required for planting one acre. 
c) Seed Sowing. The seeds are very small, so mixed with ten times more sand and be sown in the nursery bed. The seeds are sown in a well-prepared nursery and the seedlings of two months old are transplanted in the main field in rows 60 to 75 cms apart.

Manuring Required for Celery Cultivation ;

The manuring schedule is 15-20 Cartloads of F.Y.M. or Compost, 80 kg of urea, 30 kg of superphosphate (Single), and 120 kg of muriate of potash per acre. 

Aftercare in Celery Cultivation;

It requires plenty of water. So frequent irrigation should be given. Blanching improves the flavor and tenderness. It is done either by wrapping paper around the leaf stalks or earthing up the soil as the plant grows.

Harvesting of Celery Crop;

The crops become ready for harvesting after six months of transplanting. The crop is harvested by cutting the plants just below the surface with a sharp knife.

The yield of Celery Crop;

The yield of Dry seed is 2.5 to 5 q/acre.
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